Abaddon - Apollyon (Revelation 9:11)

And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.

Revelation 9:11 - King James


⚪ Abaddon (Apollyon) designates Satan
⚫ Abaddon (Apollyon) designates Jehovah and Jesus
⚫ Abaddon (Apollyon) designates Jesus-Christ



⚪ Abaddon (Apollyon) designates Satan

Rev. 9 [...] 9:11. [And] they [had a] HAVE THEIR king [over them]. — The same king as exercises general rulership over all the ecclesiastical affairs of this present evil world.
[Which Is] the angel of the [bottomless pit] ABYSS. — "The prince of the power of the air."— Eph. 2:2.
Whose name in the Hebrew tongue Is Abaddon. — And he is "a bad one," sure enough. — 2 Cor. 4:4.
But In the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. — That is, Destroyer. But In plain English his name is Satan, the Devil.

Source : 🇺🇸 1917 - Studies in the Scriptures, Vol 7, The finished mystery, page 159 + Cover


⚫ Abaddon (Apollyon) designates Jehovah and Jesus

Rev. 9 [...]
Verse eleven of this same ninth chapter of Revelation says concerning the locusts: "And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon." [...]
The word "Abaddon" is derived from the Hebrew term abad, and is applied to Jehovah, who is the One that is "able to save and to destroy". Jehovah destroys them that hate him. (Deut. 7:10) Many Scripture texts apply this Hebrew word to Jehovah relative to destruction. For example: "I will destroy thee, o covering cherub." (Ezek. 28:16) "Shall I not in that day [day of the Lord], saith the Lord, even destroy [Hebrew, abad] the wise men out of Edom, and understanding out of the mount of Esau [Satan's organization] '" (Obad. 8) To the same effect it is written: "And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord, that I will cut off thy horses out of the midst 01 thee, and I will destroy thy chariots.' '-Mic. 5:10.
The Greek word Apollyon, which the Revelator applies here, means "destroying one", and is applied many times in the Scriptures to Jehovah, who is called the destroying One. (Matt. 10:28; 21:41; Jude 5) If there could be any doubt about this, James settles it when he writes: "There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy [Greek, apollymi] : who art thou that judgest another ?" (Jas. 4:12) The overwhelming Scriptural authority, in both the Old and the New Testament, applies these titles to Jehovah. Christ Jesus being the chief executive officer of Jehovah, to whom is committed all power in heaven and earth, and being authorized to act as Jehovah's officer to destroy, the titles Abaddon and Apollyon therefore properly apply to him. (Num. 24:17-19; Mark 1: 24; Luke 4: 34) The only reasonable conclusion, therefore, is that Jesus, the glorified King armed for war and having the key to the bottomless pit, is the "king" over the "locusts". This definitely identifies the "locusts" as members of God's organization. The day of God's vengeance against the enemy organization having come, it is appropriate that Jehovah assume the role of Destroyer, that is, Abaddon, or Apollyon ("for our God is a consuming fire"), which title particularly applies at the time the kingdom is being announced. (Heb. 12:29) His beloved Son, then, the King, bears the same title, and the title has a special application in the "day of the Lord", which day began in 1914 and continues thereafter.

Source : 🇺🇸 1930 - Light, Vol 1, page 145, page 146 + Cover


⚫ Abaddon (Apollyon) designates Jesus-Christ

The symbolic locusts must follow their King, Jesus-Christ. John says of them: "They have over them a king, the angel of the abyss. In Hebrew his name is Abad'don, but in Greek he has the name Apollyon." The resurrected heavenly Jesus Christ is the "angel of the abyss," for he holds the "keys of death and of Ha'des." In the finale of the universal war of Armageddon he will bind and pitch Satan the Devil and his spirit demons into the abyss of death-like inactivity. (Rev. 20:1-3) When Jesus was on earth as a man, he was a Hebrew, and now in his capacity as Jehovah's royal Executioner he is called by the Hebrew name Abad'don, which means Destruction. (Job 26:6; 28:22; 31:12; 12:23; 14:19) In the Greek in which the inspired Christian Scriptures were written his similar title is Apollyon, which means Destroyer.

Source : 🇺🇸 The Watchtower, December 1, 1961, page 719 + Cover

This symbolic "star" also has a name for this occasion. In Greek its name is Apollyon, which means Destroyer. In Hebrew it is Abaddon, which means Destruction. All these features about this symbolic "star" reveal him to be the glorified Jesus Christ.

Source : 🇺🇸 The Watchtower, December 1 1969, page 719 + Cover

They have over them a king, the angel of the abyss." - Rev. 9:1-11.
Under command of their heavenly King Jesus Christ, the remnant of anointed witnesses of Jehovah swarmed forth in 1919 from their abysmal condition of restraint [...] so these symbolic locusts are subject and submissive to their King, Jesus Christ, their Bridegroom to be.

Source : 🇺🇸 The Watchtower, December 1 1969, page 720, page 721 + Cover

Also, he is "the angel of the abyss," and he is king over the terrible swarm of locusts that fly out of the abyss. In Hebrew his name is Abaddon, meaning "Destruction"; and in Greek it is Apollyon, meaning "Destroyer." All this plainly identifte the "angel" as picturing Jesus Christ, the Son of Jehovah God.

Source : 🇺🇸 1969 - Then is finished the mystery of God, page 232 + Cover