What do the 200 000 000 horses symbolize? (Revelation 9:16)


And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them.

Revelation 9:16 - King James


⚪ Symbols of [false] teachings
⚫ The armies in heaven
⚫ Publications of the watchtower



⚪ Horses are symbols of [false] teachings

Rev. 9 [...]
9:16. And the number of the army of the horsemen — In round numbers, at the time of identification.
Were two hundred thousand thousand.Approximately two hundred millions.
9:17. And thus I saw the horses In the vision. - Horses are symbols of teachings. It is the doctrines a man has been taught that carry him along to do things.

Source : 🇺🇸 1917 - Studies in the Scriptures, Vol 7, The finished mystery, page 164 + Cover


⚫ The white horses of the heavenly army


Jehovah is Commanderin-Chief of heavenly armies that will be used to express his anger against this world. Christ Jesus leads Jehovah’s armies to battle: “The armies that were in heaven were following him on white horses, and they were clothed in white, clean, fine linen.” Do we have any idea as to the strength and number of Jehovah’s armies? Yes! Remembering that it took only two angels to blot out Sodom and Gomorrah, we get some idea from Revelation 9:16 (NW, footnote) why Armageddon will be the greatest tribulation that has ever come upon this world: “‘The number of the armies of the horsemen was twenty thousand times ten thousand,that is, 200,000,- 000” !—Ex. 15:3; Rev. 19:14,
When Jehovah gives the command the armies in heaven will fight for the vindication of his name. This will be “the great and terrible day of Jehovah”
[...] So when Christ Jesus leads Jehovah’s armiesfrom heaven with his powerful angels in a flaming fire, as he brings due punishment upon those who do not know God,” the world will not in the least expect it.

Source : 🇺🇸 The Watchtower, October 15 1954, page 615, page 616 + Cover

They are not true celestial horses according to the organization of the Jehovah's Witnesses https://www.jw.org/en/publications/books/bible-stories/8/armageddon/


⚫ Publications of the watchtower

Hence these “two myriads of myriads” or 200,000,000 “horses” are the instrumentalities by means of which the four untied “angels” do the killing of the “third of the men,” Christendom’s membership. [...] What, then, do the two hundred million horses symbolize? They symbolize the instrumentalities or vehicles that the anointed remnant use [...] What are these vehicles? The Bibles, Bible-study-aid books, booklets, magazines and tracts, that tell of the fiery utter destruction to come upon hypocritical Christendom in the day of God’s vengeance, also leaving a serpentlike sting with “men” [...] Up-to-date Bible literature began to be produced in enormous quantities. To produce these symbolic "horses" independently of worldly book-printing companies, the Watch Tower Bible & Tract Society set up its own printing plants and enlarged them as time went on. Distribution of all literature was assigned, not to commercial bookshops, but to the anointed remnant.
Since the establishment of its first small printing plant in 1920, the Watch Tower Society has, by its larger printing facilities since then, turned out and let loose far more than two hundred million symbolic “horses.” The anointed remnant took the responsibility for these “horses,”

Source : 🇺🇸 The Watchtower, December 1 1969, page 723 + Cover